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Moi, Un Noir

Moi, Un Noir

Winner of the prestigious Prix Louis Delluc in 1958, MOI, UN NOIR marked Jean Rouch's break with traditional ethnography, and his embrace of the collaborative and improvisatory strategies he called 'shared ethnography' and 'ethnofiction.'

The film depicts an ordinary week in the lives of men and women from Niger who have migrated to Abidjan, Cote D'Ivoire for work. After a short introduction by Rouch, 'Edward G. Robinson'-Omarou Ganda, who like the film's other subject-collaborators plays himself under the name of a Western movie star-takes over the film's narration, recreating dialogue and providing freewheeling commentary on his experiences.

Robinson describes the bitter reality of life in Treichville, a poor inner suburb populated largely by migrants, and his work as a day laborer (bozori) in the ports. When the weekend arrives, he and his friends go to the beach and the bars, but even during this brief respite from their drudgery, they remain second-class citizens.

MOI, UN NOIR also brings inside Robinson's richly detailed inner life, as he describes his fantasy of becoming a championship boxer, his dream of marrying 'Dorothy Lamour' (Gambi, another Nigerien migrant), and his childhood memories of Niger.

MOI, UN NOIR captures both the sorrows and the occasional joys of these migrants' experience in all their psychological complexity. A landmark of documentary cinema, Rouch's stylistic innovations here exerted a profound influence on the French New Wave, and his collaborative process helped bolster the national cinemas of West Africa.

'MOI, UN NOIR is, in effect, the most daring of films and the humblest.' -Jean-Luc Godard

'In principle, an African could have made it, but none of us were in a position to do so at the time.' -Ousmane Sembene, filmmaker

'One of the first films, ethnographic or otherwise, that depicted the pathos of life in changing Africa...MOI, UN NOIR is a film that obliterates the boundaries between fact and fiction, documentary and story, observation and participation, objectivity and subjectivity.' -Paul Stoller, Visual Anthropology Review


Main credits

Rouch, Jean (Director)
Braunberger, Pierre (Producer)
Ganda, Oumarou (act)
Touré, Petit (act)
Maiga, Alassane (act)

Other credits

Editing, Marie-Josèphe Yoyotte with Catherine Dourgnon.

Docuseek2 subjects

Distributor subjects

African Studies
Cultural Anthropology
Race and Racism
Urban Studies


Jean Rouch; Moi, Un Noir; Abidjan; Treichville; Niger; Cote D'Ivoire; ethnofiction; Prix Louis Delluc; ethnography; Jean-Luc Godard; anthropology; "Moi, Un Noir"; Icarus Films,doc; sociss

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