Distributor:  Bullfrog Films
Length:  99 minutes
Date:  2010
Genre:  Expository
Language:  English
Grade level: 7-12, College, Adults
Color/BW:  Color
Closed captioning available
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Black Wave

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The story of the Exxon Valdez and the 20-year legal battle to get restitution from ExxonMobil.

Black Wave

In the early hours of March 24th 1989 the Exxon Valdez oil supertanker runs aground in Alaska. It discharges millions of gallons of crude oil. The incident becomes the biggest environmental catastrophe in North American history.

In a flash, dramatic images shoot across the planet. They show thousands of carcasses of seabirds and sea otters covered in oil. A thick black tide rises and covers the beaches of once-pristine Prince William Sound.

For twenty years, Riki Ott and the fishermen of the little town of Cordova, Alaska have waged the longest legal battle in U.S. history against the world's most powerful oil company - ExxonMobil. They tell us all about the environmental, social and economic consequences of the black wave that changed their lives forever.

This is the legacy of the Exxon Valdez.

'Black Wave is a stunning reminder of the havoc wreaked in Prince William Sound by the grounding of the Exxon Valdez, both on one of our nation's most beautiful waterways but on the lives of the people living there and the wildlife so essential to the area's beauty and economic life. It also makes graphic how Americans are at the mercy of large corporate entities who wield enormous power in our society. As someone who has been a lawyer and a law professor for more than 50 years, Black Wave sadly demonstrates how our civil justice system often falls short in delivering justice in a timely fashion.' Arthur R. Miller, University Professor, School of Law, New York University

'For the people of the area, the oil spill was an economic tragedy. A key theme of Black Wave is that enacting and enforcing environmental laws and regulations is good for the environment and the economy...Consequently, the film is appropriate for environmental courses focusing upon natural resources and environmental policy. The spill was made worse because Exxon was not prepared to respond to a major oil spill. Thus, the film could also be shown in a course focusing upon emergency preparedness.' Professor Browne Lewis, Cleveland Marshall College of Law, Cleveland State University, Author, It's Been 4380 Days And Counting Since Exxon Valdez: Is It Time To Change The Oil Pollution Act of 1990?

'The Exxon Valdez oil spill is a gut-wrenching story on several levels, but nowhere as much as on the human level - and that is the focus of this film. It tells the story of how our legal system is simply unable to respond to an ecological disaster that causes profound and widespread, but often intangible and indirect, harm to a community. The moral of the story is that the only way to deal with an oil spill like this is to prevent it from occurring in the first place.' Jeffrey Fisher, Associate Professor of Law, Stanford Law School

'Black Wave comes at just the right time: to remind us why oil drilling won't solve any of our problems, and to incite anger and action in response to the impending devastation along the Gulf Coast.' Elevate Difference

'Highly Recommended. In light of the most recent calamity, the BP spill off the Gulf of Mexico, this film is both chilling and alarming...Eighteen years after this disaster, there is still oil present in Prince William Sound. The townspeople attest that Exxon officials lied to them. They promised to make them whole again...The local people have lost faith in the government, corporations, justice and the court systems...This film would be useful for discussion in high school and college classrooms.' Gloria Maxwell, Penn Valley Community College, Educational Media Reviews Online

'Timely...Disheartening and sadly relevant, this cautionary tale...is recommended.' Video Librarian

'A commanding investigation...especially pertinent...Classes across the curriculum can utilize this program, and it should be included in all library collections.' School Library Journal

'Black Wave masterfully integrates original news footage, shocking statistics, and personal testimonies to produce a powerful indictment of corporate greed and irresponsibility. Robert Cornellier lays bare ExxonMobil's hypocrisy by exposing 20 years of tactics geared solely at avoiding responsibility for the worst environmental disaster in North American history. Meanwhile, the townspeople of Cordova fought and lost against ExxonMobil in the longest legal battle in US history, while the oil giant's annual profits rose from $5.2 to $40.6 billion. The verdict: in a world run by multinationals, citizens are on their own.' Lynne Fernie, Hot Docs Program


Gemini Award (Canadian Emmy Awards), Best Direction in a Documentary Program
Honorable Mention, Columbus International Film and Video Festival
Hot Docs, Canadian International Documentary Film Festival
R.I.D.M., Montreal
United Nations Association Film Festival
Countercorp Anti-Corporate Film Festival
Rendez-vous du cinema quebecois, Montreal
Montreal Human Right Films Festival
International Human Rights Film Festival, Morocco
Calgary International Film Festival
Mardis de Courrier International, Paris
Festival des Libertes, Brussels
Amazonas Film Festival, Manaus, Brazil
Escales Documentaires, La Rochelle
Going Green Film Festival, Los Angeles
Grey Towers Environmental Film Festival
Finger Lakes Environmental Film Festival


Main credits

Carvalho, Paul (film producer)
Carvalho, Paul (screenwriter)
Carvalho, Paul (interviewer)
Cornellier, Robert (film producer)
Cornellier, Robert (film director)
Cornellier, Robert (screenwriter)

Other credits

Editing, Denis Boisvert, Marina Popova; cinematography, Robert Vanherweghem; original score, Serge Nicol.

Distributor credits

Paul Carvalho and Robert Cornellier

Paul Carvalho and Robert Cornellier
Robert Cornellier
Director of Photography: Robert Vanherweghem
Editors: Denis Boisvert, Marina Popova
Original Score: Serge Nicol
A MACUMBA DOC Production

Docuseek2 subjects

Toxic Chemicals
Environmental History
Environmental Law
Business Ethics
Energy Sector
Fossil Fuels

Distributor subjects

American Studies
Environmental Justice
Marine Biology
Oceans and Coasts
Science, Technology, Society
Social Justice
Social Psychology
Toxic Chemicals


Exxon Valdez, legal battle, Cordova,; Alaska, restitution, ExxonMobil, supertanker, crude oil, oil spill, fishing, environmental disaster, Prince William Sound, Riki Ott, fishermen, fisheries, Cordova, legal battle, Jeff Short, Malani O'Toole, Knowles Head, Bligh Reef, Don Cornett, Joseph Hazelwood, Lee Raymond, Ted Stevens, Alaska pipeline, seabirds, otters, Knight Island, PAHs, Bering Trader, Richard Nagel, Inipol, Dr. Evelyn Brown, VHS, viral hemorrhagic septicemia, herring stocks, Duane Gill, suicide,,"Black Wave",Bullfrog Films

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