Distributor:  Bullfrog Films
Length:  63 minutes
Date:  2013
Genre:  Expository
Language:  English; Japanese / English subtitles
Grade level: 7 - 9, College, Adults
Color/BW:  Color
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Tokyo Waka

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A poem about a city, its people, and 20,000 crows.

Tokyo Waka

Tokyo is a digital metropolis and wellspring of spectacular pop culture, its commercial crossroads carpeted with people day and night. Above them, watching from perches on buildings and power lines, are more than 20,000 crows. As their numbers soared in recent years, Tokyo fought back: trapping them, destroying nests, and securing trash. The crows adapted; they are among the smartest of animals. The 13 million people of Tokyo now live alongside them in a stalemate.

TOKYO WAKA tells this story, and a larger one as well. A Buddhist priest comments on garbage as the remnants of desire; a gardener considers the relentless persistence of nature amidst urban grit; a homeless woman talks about forging community in her tent village deep in the corner of a city park. TOKYO WAKA gives these smart, opportunistic crows their due, but the film is ultimately an episodic and discursive poem about the life and culture of Tokyo, one of the great cities of the world.

' Tokyo Waka is one of the most beautiful films I have seen in years. Visually arresting and poetic in its composition -- any number of stills would make classic photographs -- it evokes the soul of a great city through its ancient bond with a large tribe of resident Jungle Crows. The crows, gregarious, complex, smart enough not only to use tools, but to use US as their tools, nearly steal the show, but in the end their story is braided seamlessly with that of the human animal that has built the modern jungle both call home. This is a masterwork.' Tobias Wolff, Author, Professor, School of Humanities and Sciences, Stanford University

'An engaging film that welcomes you into the evolving relationship between human and crow cultures. You feel the Japanese perspective and understand the crow's, and you come to see our shared heritage as one deeply molded by the natural world.' John Marzluff, Professor, University of Washington and author Gifts of the Crow

'In Tokyo Waka , the huge black crows that swarm over the city of Tokyo like storm clouds prod you to ponder some of the mysteries of modern-day Japanese life and culture. Then the insights hit you like gentle jolts of lightning. This film provokes your brain and heart.' Jon Funabiki, Professor of Journalism, San Francisco State University; Executive Director, Dilena Takeyama Center for the Study of Japan and Japanese Culture

'A beautiful, evocative poem to Tokyo, like all cities a very complicated place...The film is rich in contrapuntal images - white-shirted businessmen and kimono-clad women, the blue tarps of tented homeless people and the sedate exoticism of Buddhist priests. Like the crow, the homeless woman is 'free' and can make her own meaning of life. The depiction of the coexistence of people and crows in the urban jungle favors neither but shows how city life can encompass nature and culture, urbanity and humanity and moves us away from dualities to more organic understandings of life--in Japan or anywhere.' Dr. Merry White, Professor of Anthropology, Boston University, Author, Coffee Life in Japan

'Visually stunning...Even the mundane aspects of Tokyo life take on a fresh and often thought-provoking appearance. As its name indicates, this is a cinematic poem rewarding both those who encounter Tokyo for the first time as well as those already familiar with the city. Additionally, interviews with everyone from a Buddhist priest to a homeless woman provide further insights into a city at once similar to its Western counterparts and yet so different.' Mr. Brian Victoria, Professor of Japanese Culture, Program Director of Japan and Its Buddhist Traditions, Antioch University

'Tokyo Waka evokes through oftentimes stunningly beautiful images the textures of life in urban Tokyo, with crows as a recurring theme representing what many residents see as an intrusion of 'wild' and 'uncontrollable' nature. By eliciting appreciation for both untamed and domesticated forms of the natural world, the filmmakers convey a nuanced and poetic perspective that helps us see cities anew.' John Nelson, Professor of East Asian Religions, Department of Theology and Religious Studies, University of San Francisco, Author, Experimental Buddhism: Innovation and Activism in Contemporary Japan (forthcoming)

'This elegant, intelligent film with breathtaking cinematography provides new ways of seeing Tokyo, its people, and the crows that thrive on its garbage. Tokyo's four seasons are shown from both bird's eye views and vantage points of people, a visual poetry that encourages us to contemplate the beauty and brutality of contemporary urban life...This memorable film, which encourages discussion about a known but rarely documented environmental issue, is perfect for high school and university classes on Japan, history, architecture, and global urban culture and is a must for library collections. It can reach people familiar with Tokyo and those who have never been to Japan.' Alisa Freedman, Associate Professor of Japanese Literature and Film, University of Oregon, Author, Tokyo in Transit: Japanese Culture on the Rails and Road

'Tokyo Waka depicts the real Tokyo rather than an idealized version...The film is full of interesting characters including people from all walks of life: From the stylish homeless woman to the philosophic Buddhist monk, the characters leave you wanting to know more about their stories...A very unique film that evokes vivid memories of Japan while making you think about life.' Sam Edwards, Director of Animal Studies, Associate Professor of Environmental Studies, Law and Policy, Director of Japanese Exchange Program, Green Mountain College

'Tokyo Waka is an engaging window on life today in Tokyo and the part that crows have come to play in it. The film nicely conveys the well-known Japanese appreciation of and attachment to nature as well as the tenor of city life in Japan.' Kenneth Pyle, Professor of History and Asian Studies, University of Washington, Author, Japan Rising: The Resurgence of Japanese Power and Purpose

'Excellent in storytelling and Zen in cinematography and sound design, this film is highly recommended to researchers and students who are interested in exploring the relationship between nature, animals and human beings.' Hong Cheng, LaGuardia Community College - CUNY, Educational Media Reviews Online

'Portrays a captivating glimpse into the secret lives of crows and people. Highly recommended.' The Midwest Book Review

'Although the film focuses on the changing relationship between humans and crows, it also offers an engaging depiction of Japanese urban life. Librarians and teachers of urban studies, zoology, and wildlife management could use the film for enrichment.' Sheila Acosta, San Antonio Public Library, School Library Journal

'A richly varied portrait of a city...The crow proves to be highly photogenic, with its uber-chic, glistening black plumage, endearingly eccentric, staccato walk and contrastingly graceful, gliding flight patterns. Its behavior, at once completely instinctive and thoroughly unpredictable, is an immeasurable boon to the raptly appreciative filmmakers.' David Noh, Film Journal International

'[The filmmakers] have gathered a capital tangle of flock footage, anecdotes, and mad facts - 20,000 crows in Tokyo, sometimes attacking civilians, stealing coat hangers, and snacking on the zoo's prairie dogs! They've crafted this into an edifying whole, a film of beauty and revelation...Offers an intimate, oddly artistic look into a private world.' Alan Scherstuhl, The Village Voice

'The movie's charm comes from showing aspects of the city that Western visitors usually miss or from viewing oft-photographed sites from unexpected angles. Haptas and Samuelson also play close attention to sound, capturing urban bustle, nature sounds and the way they overlap. Sensually as well as philosophically, Tokyo Waka is attuned to the textures of everyday life.' Mark Jenkins, National Public Radio

'Lyrically meditative...The patterns of movement that weep through, horizontally and vertically, effectively capture the city's rythms...A rewarding ride for viewers.' Ronnie Scheib, Variety

'Illuminates the spiritual interconnection between humans and nature in a mosaic of amazing photography. The film draws us into Japanese culture and the place of Tokyo with endless speeding trains and temples and gardens and always the crows.' Cynthia Patrick, Ecoprowler

'[A] charming essay-film viewing Toko through an unfamiliar lens...Japanophiles and armchair ornithologists should be delighted_The filmmaker's interviews range from the purely scientific and informational to the profound.' John DeFore, Hollywood Reporter

'Its makers shape an image of and ode to the eponymous city through an original and ruminative framework. Their methods and aims are to celebrate the multiplicity of human perspectives by probing various interviewees on the subject of their avian neighbors.' Michael Pattison, Eye For Film


Grand Prize, Best Feature Film, Green Film Festival in Seoul
Cinematography Award, United Nations Association Film Festival, Stanford
Silver Chris, Columbus International Film + Video Festival
AFI/Discovery Channel SilverDocs Documentary Festival
Big Sky Documentary Film Festival
Planet in Focus Environmental Film Festival
International Buddhist Film Festival, Bangkok
Maine International Film Festival
Motovun Film Festival, Croatia
Haifa International Film Festival, Israel


Main credits

Haptas, John (Director)
Samuelson, Kristine (Director)

Other credits

Directed by John Haptas & Kristine Samuelson; cinematography, sound, editing, John Haptas & Kristine Samuelson; music, Todd Boekelheide; sound design, Pete Horner.

Distributor credits

John Haptas and Kristine Samuelson
Music: Todd Boekelheide
Associate Producer: Lindee Hoshikawa
Sound Design: Pete Horner

Docuseek2 subjects

Urban Studies
Animal Behavior

Distributor subjects

Animal Behavior/Communication
Asian Studies
Environmental Ethics
Film Studies
Urban Studies
Urban and Regional Planning


crow, crows, Tokyo, Edo, Japan, Japanese, Buddhism, city life, urban culture,"Tokyo Waka",Bullfrog Films

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